For our third conference edition, we have chosen, for the first time, to host a Security Council committee. Besides being part of the most powerful UN committees, the small committee size – no more than 15 delegates – gives you a generous platform for intense debates on topics soon to be announced. Navigate friendships and enmities carefully, because your doings will have a very real impact on the world… Prepare for some hard-core negotiation!
In a world plagued by constant struggle for power, the Security Council provides respite to unheard voices.The United Nations Security Council is a committee that challenges delegates to combine creative crisis arcs with a high level of debate relevant to world politics.
Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members, and each Member has one vote. All Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
Seventy years on, hardly anyone claims the Security Council is free from criticism. The divisions in the Security Council over Iraq in 2003 are particularly relevant today because it has lead some to evoke a parallel with the League of Nations, a body that had been created with great hopes at the end of the First World War but which was reduced to debating the standardisation of European gauges, the day Germans marched into Poland. But such comparisons are in our view a little overstated as Mark Twain put it when he saw his own obituary in the newspaper, 'I do think the reports of our demise are exaggerated and yet we live with the paradox.'
Israeli - Palestine Conflict
Peace and cooperation are at the heart of the United Nations objectives. The Security Council itself has at its primary responsibility the maintenance of international peace and security. Yet ever since the establishment of the United Nations the world has been continuously war-thorn. One of the most “famous” conflict is the Israeli-Palestine conflict. Continuous for over 50 years, the two countries have fought against each other with enormous numbers of casualties. Already by 1949, two years after the beginning of the conflict, there were 15,000 casualties between civilians and military personnel.
The conflict came to be in 1947, two years after the end of World War II. Following the General Assembly Resolution 181, it was recommended the partition of the Palestinian land to include a Jewish state and the City of Jerusalem, their promised land. The day after the adoption of this Resolution, the two states were swept by violence, both against the division of the land. The occupation of the West Bank, by the Israeli army escalated further the conflict. This conflict is not one that has only divided the Middle Eastern countries, but also those of the West.
On one side we see the United States and his close allies, UK and C, strongly advocating for a pro-Israeli doctrine. On the other the predominantly Muslim States, but also some Western ones such as South Africa, supporting Palestine as the rightful “owner” of the land
Many attempts have been made to resolve the conflict, including the implementation of a two state solution. However, despite the efforts and the creation of a Palestinian state and State of Israel, the conflict continues to persist in the region, involving neighboring State Actors. The Palestinian state demands for full state rights and the removal of the Israeli army from the West Bank. However, Israel does not want to conceive the West Bank.
The Security Council has constantly called for cease fire, as well as deployed military observers and peacekeepers, as well as reaffirming the Geneva Convention. The latest Security Council resolution was in 2016, demanding the removal of Israeli armies in Palestinian territory including East Jerusalem. This was not followed. Currently, the Security Council continues to call for a two state agreement and for a
cease fire between the two states
The Situation in Venezuela
When one starts reading the news, it seems as if humanitarian crisis are taking over the headlines. One of them is happening right now in Venezuela, and it has been happening over the past years. The political situation has been hurting the population severely. The political uneasiness causing the horrible living conditions in the nation has a snowball effect, as thousands are leaving Venezuela and looking for refugee in other countries. For this reason, this has called the attention of the United Nations, as they want to take action in order to solve this problem.
When the issue was brought to the Security Council, the rivalry between the United States and Russia was clearly proven as the nations keep blocking each other’s resolutions. Maduro claims he does not want to allow United States help, even for humanitarian aid because, for him, it is an attempt at foreign control. In the meantime, he is more open to receive Russia ́s help. In the meantime, Juan Guaidó has been declared President of Venezuela, making the situation even more confusing regarding who is the commander of the nation. Meanwhile, protesters die everyday by the hands of the Armed Forces. This situation is extremely delicate because, to some extent, the main conflict is internal, thus using foreign forces would be seen as infringing Venezuela ́s right to sovereignty.
Get further information: www.un.org/securitycouncil/